Energy and Performance
Although there is a wide overlap in benefits, we
are discussing the Energy and Performance aspects
of fresh fruit separate from the Health Benefits
because it is good to know the differences.
Consumers know fruit is healthy, so we’re
acknowledging the intrinsic health message by
discovering, validating and promoting specific
health benefits from fruit. To do this
effectively, we believe it’s necessary to study
many different aspects of human and food
interaction – bioactivity, potential interactions,
and synergies in the food matrix, bioavailability,
and genotype (nutrigenomics).
Health and Wellbeing Targets
The next generation of health benefits include
mental state and performance, physical performance
and fitness, gut health and immunity. When
looking at mental states, we’re considering mood,
arousal, activation, vigilance, attention and
sleep, motivation and effort, perception and
memory and intelligence.
For physical performance, we’re examining links
between fruit compounds and endurance, energy
supply, recovery and tissue growth. In gut
health, we are examining activities of gut
microbiota, intestinal wellbeing, bowel transit
time, and natural gut defense. Linked to this is
the wider study of how fruit compounds can
influence our immune functions.
Recipe For Performance
intake of fresh fruits and pure fruit juices.
Highly evolved workout energy and mental focus.
Creatine, arginine, and waxy maize. 24 Hr.
extended muscle pumps. Increased vascularity. No
bloating or discomfort. Carbohydrate digestive
enzymes. The evolution of intensity &
performance. Fresh fruits and juices can
dramatically increase energy, mental focus,
endurance, nutrient transport, and blood flow
creating the good physical performance and
results. Everyone looking for performance gains
and or simply a better body should include fresh
fruits and juices in their diets.
Fresh Fruit Requirements
Increase with Age
Muscle strength and physical performance in old age might be related to the oxidative damage
caused by free radicals.
The objective was to assess the correlation of
plasma concentrations and daily dietary
intakes of antioxidants with skeletal
muscle strength and physical performance in
This study is part of the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study, which was conducted in 986 Italians
65 y. Physical performance was assessed on the
basis of walking speed, ability to rise
from a chair, and standing balance. Knee extension strength was assessed with a
hand-held dynamometer. The European
Prospective Investigation into Cancer and
Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used
to evaluate the daily dietary intakes
of vitamin C, vitamin E, ß-carotene, and retinol. Plasma
concentrations were measured. Adjusted
linear regression analyses were used to calculate
regression coefficients per SD increase
in plasma concentrations and daily
In adjusted analyses, plasma
was significantly correlated with knee
extension (ß = 0.566, P = 0.003)
and the summary physical performance score (ß =
0.044, P = 0.008). Plasma
was associated only with knee extension
strength (ß = 0.327, P = 0.04). Of the
daily dietary intake measures, vitamin
C and ß-carotene were significantly
correlated with knee extension strength, and vitamin C was significantly associated
with physical performance (ß = 0.029,
P = 0.04).
Plasma antioxidant concentrations correlate
positively with physical performance
and strength. Higher dietary intakes
of most antioxidants appear to be associated with higher skeletal muscular strength in