Energy and Performance

 

Although there is a wide overlap in benefits, we are discussing the Energy and Performance aspects of fresh fruit separate from the Health Benefits because it is good to know the differences.

 

Consumers know fruit is healthy, so we’re acknowledging the intrinsic health message by discovering, validating and promoting specific health benefits from fruit.  To do this effectively, we believe it’s necessary to study many different aspects of human and food interaction – bioactivity, potential interactions, and synergies in the food matrix, bioavailability, and genotype (nutrigenomics).

 

Health and Wellbeing Targets
The next generation of health benefits include mental state and performance, physical performance and fitness, gut health and immunity.  When looking at mental states, we’re considering mood, arousal, activation, vigilance, attention and sleep, motivation and effort, perception and memory and intelligence.

For physical performance, we’re examining links between fruit compounds and endurance, energy supply, recovery and tissue growth.  In gut health, we are examining activities of gut microbiota, intestinal wellbeing, bowel transit time, and natural gut defense.  Linked to this is the wider study of how fruit compounds can influence our immune functions.
 

Recipe For Performance

Daily intake of fresh fruits and pure fruit juices.  Highly evolved workout energy and mental focus.  Creatine, arginine, and waxy maize.  24 Hr. extended muscle pumps.  Increased vascularity.  No bloating or discomfort.  Carbohydrate digestive enzymes.  The evolution of intensity & performance.  Fresh fruits and juices can dramatically increase energy, mental focus, endurance, nutrient transport, and blood flow creating the good physical performance and results.  Everyone looking for performance gains and or simply a better body should include fresh fruits and juices in their diets.

 

Fresh Fruit Requirements Increase with Age

Background: Muscle strength and physical performance in old age might be related to the oxidative damage caused by free radicals.

Objective: The objective was to assess the correlation of plasma concentrations and daily dietary intakes of antioxidants with skeletal muscle strength and physical performance in elderly persons.

Design: This study is part of the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study, which was conducted in 986 Italians aged >=65 y. Physical performance was assessed on the basis of walking speed, ability to rise from a chair, and standing balance. Knee extension strength was assessed with a hand-held dynamometer. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to evaluate the daily dietary intakes of vitamin C, vitamin E, ß-carotene, and retinol. Plasma {alpha}- and {gamma}-tocopherol concentrations were measured. Adjusted linear regression analyses were used to calculate regression coefficients per SD increase in plasma concentrations and daily dietary intakes.

Results: In adjusted analyses, plasma {alpha}-tocopherol was significantly correlated with knee extension (ß = 0.566, P = 0.003) and the summary physical performance score (ß = 0.044, P = 0.008). Plasma {gamma}-tocopherol was associated only with knee extension strength (ß = 0.327, P = 0.04). Of the daily dietary intake measures, vitamin C and ß-carotene were significantly correlated with knee extension strength, and vitamin C was significantly associated with physical performance (ß = 0.029, P = 0.04).

Conclusions: Plasma antioxidant concentrations correlate positively with physical performance and strength.  Higher dietary intakes of most antioxidants appear to be associated with higher skeletal muscular strength in elderly persons.



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